II in Europe. The Waffen-SS, the military branch of the SS, evolved into a second army. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-clio. Hitler proclaimed that the arson marked the start of a communist uprising. Education in Nazi Germany. Indoctrination in National Socialist thought was made compulsory in January 1934. Hitler routinely disregarded the Concordat, closing all Catholic institutions whose functions were not strictly religious. In an attempt to resolve the shortage, in June 1942 Germany launched Fall Blau Case Blue an offensive against the Caucasian oilfields. In the Holocaust, millions of Jews and other peoples deemed undesirable by the state were imprisoned, murdered in Nazi concentration camps and extermination camps, or shot. New York; Oxford: Berghahn Books. An Honourable Defeat: A History of the German Resistance to Hitler. The Nazi regime promoted a liberal code of conduct regarding sexual matters and was sympathetic to women who bore children out of wedlock. Masters of Death: The SS-Einsatzgruppen and the Invention of the Holocaust. University of California at Berkeley. Germany and the Second World War, Vol. F Geography Territorial changes Main article: Territorial evolution of Germany As a result of their defeat in World War I and the resulting Treaty of Versailles, Germany lost Alsace-Lorraine, Northern Schleswig, and Memel. In September 1935, the Nuremberg Laws were enacted. Nazi Germany is the common English name for. A third of the Einsatzgruppen members were recruited from Waffen-SS personnel. Retrieved 16 September 2018. Germany was particularly dependent on foreign supplies of oil, coal, and grain. New York: Palgrave MacMillan. As the market was experiencing a glut and prices for petroleum were low, in 1933 the Nazi government made a profit-sharing agreement with IG Farben, guaranteeing them a 5 percent return on capital invested in their synthetic oil plant at Leuna. Since most of the industrial areas were in the western zones, the Soviet Union was transferred additional reparations. Legacy Main article: Consequences of Nazism See also: Denazification Defendants in the dock at the Nuremberg trials The Allied powers organised war crimes trials, beginning with the Nuremberg trials, held from November 1945 to October 1946, of 23 top Nazi officials. Heinrich Himmler: The Sinister Life of the Head of the SS and Gestapo. "Non-Germans" under the Third Reich: The Nazi Judicial and Administrative System in Germany and Occupied erotiske sexhistorier novelle ero Eastern Europe, with Special Regard to Occupied Poland. In 1941 Hitler decided to destroy the Polish nation completely; within 15 to 20 years the General Government was to be cleared of ethnic Poles and resettled by German colonists.